The chronic illnesses are today’s most important health issues. The scope of chronic illnesses, different incapacitating disorders, and the financial cost they entail have all been well-documented. Health education and health educators will be expected to help lessen the negative effects of major health issues like obesity, accidents, mental illness, cancer, dental disease, and other neurological disturbances. They will also be expected to help people make the necessary adjustments for an active old age .A comparison of some of the differences between methods that have been effective in addressing the issues of acute communicable diseases and those that are available for addressing today’s issues may help to clarify the new and special role that health education plays in helping to address these problems.
The methods used to treat today’s health concerns are less exact and specific than those used to treat infectious diseases in the past. Public health professionals now have particular tools for preventing these diseases, including vaccination, immunization, access to clean water and milk, sanitary sewage disposal, and insect vector management. These precautions, when used correctly, have shielded individuals from a number of infectious illnesses. However, there are antibiotics and other chemotherapeutic medicines that are particular and successful in cases when people do not take advantage of these preventative measures and develop a particular disease. There are no such specifications for preventing chronic illnesses, aging-related degenerative ailments, or accidents.
But thanks to medical knowledge, many chronic diseases may now be prevented before they have more severe side effects. Obesity and accidents do not have a particular preventive measure, just behavioral modifications.
The differences in how these diseases manifest themselves are closely tied to the lack of precise and specialized treatments for chronic diseases. When compared to acute disorders like infectious infections, the development of chronic ailments is far more sneaky. The motive to act in response to the steadily escalating issues of chronic disease is therefore not nearly as strong as it was concerning the drive to act to prevent communicable infections.
It can be challenging to educate people about the physical changes that come along with chronic conditions since their development is gradual.
Early illness diagnosis necessitates either frequent testing or exams when the patient is well or developing the ability to recognize small functional changes in oneself and seeking medical assistance before the ailment has advanced too far.